How to avoid food waste: top chefs on their grandparents’ favourite dishes – and what they taught them


Angela Hartnett, Fergus Henderson, Raymond Blanc and many others describe the frugal simplicity – and delicious flavours – that inspire their cooking today


It is all too easy to romanticise the past, particularly with food. In Britain, rationing created a postwar generation that was very well-nourished, but also utterly bored by the meals it ate or endured. Similarly, for all the criticism levelled at processed foods (Dont eat anything your great-grandmother wouldnt recognise as food, as the writer Michael Pollan famously advised), food has never been cheaper, nor easier to access and prepare. In 1957, as a proportion of their weekly income, UK households spent roughly double what they now spend on food 33% of their money. There is a kind of liberation in the Pot Noodle.

Yet among many chefs and campaigning food writers, the sense persists that on a number of issues particularly food waste, but also obesity, nutrition, cost, pleasure even there is much to admire in how our grandparents ate. In an era of limited choice and tight budgets, they made a virtue of the necessity to cook with whatever fresh ingredients were available. My grandparents didnt cook sustainably, but they did cook every day, one of lifes best skills, and they didnt throw leftovers away. To that extent, they were thrifty, says Tom Hunt, the self-styled eco-chef and Guardian columnist.

To examine that idea, we asked a number of top chefs to choose a meal that encapsulates how their grandparents cooked and to explain how, in its frugal simplicity, it still influences them. Call it going back to the future.

Angela Hartnett, Murano and Merchants Tavern, London

Minestrone soup

Originally from Bardi in Italy, my grandmother never wasted a thing in the kitchen. It was incredible. Any leftovers went into bowls covered with a saucer; she didnt believe in clingfilm. For her minestrone, shed use bones from a roast to make stock and any old veg, dried beans and parmesan rinds would go in. These days, people look at sell-by dates and bin stuff when theres no need. I freeze anything I can re-use and then Ill invite the neighbours over for a freezer-party.

Liver, bacon and mash, a British classic. Photograph: Joe Gough/Getty Images/iStockphoto

Robert Owen Brown, The Hinchliffe, Hebden Bridge

Liver and onions

Im 48. As a kid in Bury, offal was commonplace. I loved watching my gran make flash-fried liver with onion gravy and mashed potato. Its a 20-minute meal. Faggots, made of minced heart, liver and lung, were a school dinner favourite. Id eat whatever was put on the table. If you didnt, there was nothing else. Today, I know friends wholl cook three different meals for three different kids. Its crazy.

Manjit Kaur, Manjits Kitchen, Leeds

Black chana daal

I was six when I started helping my gran in the kitchen. It was just expected that us girls would cook. At weekends, wed help out in the Sikh temple kitchens feeding the community and using this big burner at my dads in Chapeltown wed cook huge batch curries and daals. Daal is such a heart-warming dish: simple, cheap, beautiful. Wed give this food to friends or use it for family weddings. This was before people used caterers. Wed chop hundreds of onions, but there was no waste. Any spare vegetables or lemon and lime skins wed pickle or make into chutney, and thats how I run my kitchen.

Raymond Blanc, Belmond Le Manoir aux QuatSaisons, Oxfordshire

Comt cheese souffl

I grew up in the Franche-Comt, in a village between Burgundy and the Jura mountains. Money was tight, but my grandmother was an extraordinary cook who passed that knowledge on to my mum, who taught me to do a lot with very little. She always used seasonal vegetables from our garden or the forest, where we foraged for berries, mushrooms and wild asparagus. My mother had five children and used a lot of pulses and cheese meat was a special treat. A simple, cheesy comt souffl was a staple on our table. It encapsulates my region.

Lisa Goodwin, Allen, Northcote, Blackburn

Cottage pie

My dads mum had a roadside cafe in Ingleton called the Three Peaks and what struck me about Nana was that she never used recipes. It was all instinct. Both her and my mum used whatever they had in, cooking sustainably without being aware of it. My mum makes an amazing cottage pie using, as she says, everything from the top shelf. Its the same base, but she adds whatever she has in the fridge. With one-pots and cottage pies you can play around, substituting ingredients so nothing is wasted.

Summer pudding with beautiful glossy purple juice. Photograph: Katherine Anne Rose for the Observer

Alex Shaw, Blanchflower, Altrincham

Summer pudding

I fondly remember picking fruit with my gran, Minnie, in her garden in Sheffield: wild strawberries, jewel-like currants, raspberries, hedgerow blackberries. Shed make jam or use the leftovers for cordial my gran was naturally thrifty but the most fragrant fruit would be reserved for summer pudding. Put the fruit in a pan with some sugar and the odd tart gooseberry and it yields this beautiful glossy purple juice. Soak up the juice with some slightly stale bread and layer that up with fruit in a pudding basin. Serve with double cream.

Martin Morales, Ceviche and Andina, London

Chicken and rice

My gran, Mamita Naty, lived in a small Andean village, 18 hours by bus from Lima. She was a farmer and a cook whose house doubled as a restaurant. In the Andes, the food tradition is farm-to-table, nose-to-tail, organic, zero waste. Its not a fad. Its been that way for hundreds of years and, in my restaurants, were very resourceful. Take the Peruvian classic arroz con pollo, which is like coriander chicken paella. We get the whole chicken and use the offal in a separate devilled, stir-fried dish, we use the meat for the main and then we cook the carcass with leftover pea pods, herb stems, pepper and onion ends to make an exquisite broth. In a way, that chicken and rice turns into three dishes.

Nina Matsunaga, Black Bull Hotel and Three Hares cafe, Sedbergh

Frozen grapes

In the 90s, wed visit my elderly uncle and auntie Nishimura in Kyoto each summer. There were no snacks or packaged drinks in the house and we always took packed lunches on day trips. Its just what people of their generation did. An evening meal would be broth, rice, a small piece of fish or cold octopus, home-fermented tsukemono pickles and maybe cooked vegetables. Giant frozen grapes were a big treat for dessert. Any leftovers would go into uncles lunch next day, made into onigiri rice balls or a bento. I take a similar approach at the Black Bull. We buy in whole animals and use everything.

Jesse Dunford Wood, Parlour, London

Chicken stew

The second world war and rationing killed food culture for my grandparents generation. But they could cook. There was less processed, convenience food and you had to produce meals from real ingredients. My grandmother wasnt a great cook, but she used to make a thickened white chicken stew I dont know if she knew the fancy French name for it, but like a blanquette de poulet and I still totally love simple, comforting one-pot stews.

Sam Buckley, Where the Light Gets In, Stockport

Bacon ribs and cabbage

Growing up, my gran looked after me a lot. Wednesday was ribs and cabbage night with great piles of sliced white Kwik Save bread and Stork margarine. Id demolish that now but then, the smell of pressure-cooker cabbage sent shivers down my spine. If I didnt eat, that meal would be there for me next day. My gran would say: Theres Biafrans starving. Eat your bloody tea.. Her hatred of waste stayed with me and that you get what youre given thing is what I still do [by serving a no-choice menu]. Its aimed at adventurous eaters.

Fergus Henderson, St John, London

Tripe and onions

I dont really have culinary memories of my granny, who died when I was young, but my mum, who was born in Bolton, used to cook us tripe and onions in milk with mashed potato. Its a wonderfully calming dish that uplifts the spirits. Bleached tripe was widely available in London in the 60s and 70s, but we use brown, unbleached tripe in the restaurant. We pickle it or slow-braise it. A few boys still come in and ask: Whats the scariest thing on the menu?, which is all wrong. Offal is not scary. Its delicious.

Traditional British Sunday lunch of roast beef and Yorkshire pudding. Photograph: Suzanne Plunkett/Reuters

Josh Overington, Le Cochon Aveugle, York

Sunday roast

I dont want to use the word foraging, but in the early 90s, in my grandparents village outside York, it was normal to walk the dogs whilst gathering mushrooms for Sunday lunch or brambles for a pie. We ate a lot of game, too whatever was at hand in that rural area. As many people in Yorkshire do, wed eat our Yorkshire pudding and gravy first, as a starter. Historically, it was a filler and, by eating that way, people could reduce the cost of a three-course meal. That upbringing made me appreciate you can create restaurant dishes and extract deliciousness from humble ingredients. It doesnt have to be all fillet of beef and caviar.

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